A fake is any gem material, natural or synthetic, which is misrepresented to be any other gem material, natural or synthetic. A synthetic ruby, a natural red spinel, or a piece of red glass would all be fakes if represented as natural rubies. Whether something is a "fake" rather than a synthetic or a simulant is a matter of intention and disclosure. When misrepresentation occurs (whether knowingly or not) then you have a fake. Fakes have been around as long as there have been been dishonest, and greedy sellers and gullible buyers.
Could there have been more sympathy for Clinton’s aides in the press and official Washington? The lesson appears to be that if administration officials repeat often enough the party line that “we were all working really hard, we all understand that classified information is really important, and we all really did our best to protect it,” the media and intelligence-agency chiefs will forgive the transmission and storage of even thousands of classified e-mails on an unsecured server that was undoubtedly hacked by hostile intelligence services.